Hermann Ihlenburg

Indices : Designers : Hermann Ihlenburg

Ihlenburg was born in Germany in 1843 where he studied art and worked for several German type foundries. He emigrated to the USA in 1866 and worked for the L. Johnson & Co. foundry, later MacKellar, Smiths & Jordan (which became part of American Type Founders). Ihlenburg died July 31, 1905 in Philadelphia.

Type Designs Attributed to Hermann Ihlenburg:
American, American Italic, Angular Text, Arboret, Arboret No. 2, Archaic, Artistic, Attic, Bijou, Black Ornamented, Bradley, Byzantine, Centenial Script, Chaucer, Childs, Circular Black, Columbian, Columbus, Copperplate, Crayon, Culdee, Dado, Dynamo, Eureka Text, Ferdinanad, Filigree, Filet, Glyptic, Gothic Ornate, Greenback, Grolier, Gutenbert, Houghton, Ihlenburg Series, Illuminated, Isabella, Italic Copperplate, Japanesque, Johnson, Lady Text, Lippincott, Midaeval Text, Midaeval Text Ornate, Minaret, Minster, Morticed, Morticed No.

D. Stempel AG

Indices : Foundries : D. Stempel AG

David Stempel (1869-1927) founded the foundry on January 15 1895 at Frankfurt am Main.

The foundry fast became one of the biggest German foundries. Shares of other foundries were bought, so the resources constandly grew.

The following is a list of just a few of the designers who worked with Stempel:
Hans Bohn
Warren Chappell
F. H. Ehmcke
Friedrich Heinrichsen
Hanns Th. Hoyer,
F. W. Kleukens
Erich Meyer
Hans Möhring
Hiero Rhode
Wilhelm Schwerdtner
Herbert Thannhaeuser
Martin Wilke


Indices : Books
A wealth of information has been published about the art of type. "The Triumvirate of Typography"—selected primary works of three authors—offers a foundation for every great typographic library. Included below is an evolving index of notable books written about the art and history of typography and type-design.

English : Deutsch : Português

English Language


Indices : Organizations : Society of Typographic Aficionados (SOTA)

The Society of Typographic Aficionados (SOTA) is an international not-for-profit organization dedicated to the promotion, study, and support of type, its history and development, its use in the world of print and digital imagery, its designers, and its admirers.

John Hudson

Indices : Designers : John Hudson

Proprietor, along with Ross Mills, of Tiro Typeworks. Hudson is an expert on type technologies (particularly the TrueType and OpenType font formats), character encoding and glyph processing, and development of fonts for multiple writing systems and languages.

He has designed typefaces and made fonts for clients such as Microsoft, Adobe Systems, Linotype, IBM and Apple, as well as for smaller companies and academic organisations. His designs, several of which have been recognised in international competitions, include new typefaces for the Cyrillic, Ethiopic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, Ogham, and Thai scripts. In addition to sharing projects with Ross Mills, he is a frequent collaborator with Fiona Ross and Tim Holloway.

Hermann Zapf

Indices : Designers : Hermann Zapf

German, born 1918.

Calligrapher and type designer, perhaps the most influential designer of types in the post-WWII era. Designer of Optima, Palatino, Aldus, Zapf Chancery, Zapf Dingbats, Zapfino, and with Akira Kobayashi, Zapfino Extra, Optima nova, Palatino nova, Palatino Sans, and Palatino Sans Informal. Zapf's most notable achievement is his effortless bridging of the Medieval era with the Information Age; his types are all characterized by their strong calligraphic influence, but more than any of the other designers who came to maturity in the metal type era, he has adapted to the digital era. He also has the dubious honor of having been the victim of one of the 20th Century's more acrimonious disputes over type piracy; see the entry on Book Antiqua for details.


Indices : Foundries : Klingspor

Gebrüder Klingspor

Offenbach, Germany. Formaly known as Rudhard'sche Giesserei, renamed on January 1 1906 to Gebrüder Klingspor.

Well kown for designs from Rudolf Koch and Walter Tiemann. Also sold designs from Peter Behrens, Karlgeorg Hoefer, Otto Hupp, Otto Eckmann, Rudo Spemann, Victor Hammer and Hans Kühne.

During the 1950s, the foundry's operations closed. D. Stempel AG, who had owned the foundry for over a decade, continued distributing most of the typefaces. Many of the typefaces are sold in digital format today by Linotype Library (the German Linotype AG purchased D. Stempel AG in 1985).

Elements of Typographic Style

Indices : Books : Elements of Typographic Style, The

Robert Bringhurst

Indices : Writers : Robert Bringhurst

Typographic expert, poet, translator of Native American lore and designer, Robert Bringhurst is known best for his typographic reference work Elements of Typographic Style, a frequently-updated book widely considered to be the definitive handbook for contemporary typographers. He also extensively updated Warren Chappel's Brief History of the Printed Word and wrote a short book / long essay on written communication and meaning, The Solid Form of Language. He collaborated with letterpress printer Peter Koch on Carving the Elements, a commentary on the Fragments of Parmenides. He has also written many volumes of poetry and translated lore.

Dard Hunter

Indices : Designers : Dard Hunters

William Joseph "Dard" Hunter, American, 1883--1966.

American letterpress printer, paper maker, book designer, type founder and all-around craftsman.

Stanley Morison

Indices: Writers: Stanley Morison

Temperamental typographical advisor to the Monotype corporation and opinionated type historian and theoretician. Designer of Times New Roman which, along with Helvetica and Univers, probably holds the honor of being the most well-known typeface of the 20th century. Times New Roman was his only type design, and the story of its development is told in Walter Tracy's Letters of Credit. His most well-known book is A Tally of Types, which is no longer an indispensable reference, but is still one of the most entertaining reads out there to the typographically inclined.

Andreas Seidel

Indices : Designers : Andreas Seidel

1975: born in Bad Saarow (near Berlin, Germany)
1994–1998: study of economics
since 2000: freelance graphic designer & illustrator
2003: launches astype foundry to release his typefaces
2006: launches German Type Foundry together with Ingo Preuss

Edward Johnston

Indices : Designers : Edward Johnston

English letterer most famous for his book Writing & Illuminating, & Lettering and his commissioned work on the lettering for the London Underground, which was later turned into a typeface for use by the same organization and, famously, served as the basis for Eric Gill's Gill Sans.

sans serif

Indices : Terminology : Sans Serif

Category of type where the terminals of the letters have no brackets or spurs -- otherwise known as serifs. Common sans serif typefaces are Helvetica, Verdana, Optima, Futura, Frutiger, and Gill Sans. Sans serif forms originate in ancient Greek and Etruscan chiseled inscriptions, a style later adopted by the Romans, but sans serif type was so novel upon its introduction in the 18th century that it defied any attempts at categorization. It was eventually categorized as Doric, Ionic or grotesque type, and was in common use by the end of the century by industrial letterers. The most popular early sans serif typeface was cut by Monotype as Doric, but the most prominent sans serif type known to contemporary designers is the much-imitated Akzidenz Grotesk, ancestor of Helvetica and Univers, two of the most dominant type families of the second half of the 20th century.


Indices : Blackletter : Schaftstiefelgrotesk

A style of blackletter type popularized in the 20th century that split the distance between the heavy industrial grotesques popular in the West (such as Akzidenz Grotesk) and the blackletter types predominant in the Teutonic world. Hitler, who had a preference for classic Roman imperial inscriptional letters, was one of the chief exponents of this style of type, which became explicitly identified with Nazi ideas of German nationalism. The names of the typefaces -- Deutschland, National, Tannenberg -- reveal this connection.


Indices : Type and Lettering Styles : Blackletter

Traditional style of type based on medieval scribal calligraphy. The earliest books printed with movable type were set in blackletter, including the famous bibles of Johannes Gutenberg. Blackletter type grew deep roots in the Germanic countries, developing its own vernacular form in fraktur type, a highly stylized script well-suited to economically setting German texts. It retained popularity as a decorative / ecumenical script in the English-speaking countries, predominantly as textura types, a role that survives today mostly in its traditional use on diplomas and wedding invitations.

National Typographic

Indices : Publications : National Typographic

A quarterly newsletter produced by Monotype Imaging
To subscribe, enter your mailing address here.

Spring 2005
- Featured Designer: Michael Harvey
- "Condensed Typefaces" by Ilene Strizver
- New Releases: Mentor, ITC Astro, ITC Tyke
- Letter Series: The Letter O
- Typeface Showcase: Texas Hero
- Preview: The new

Winter 2005
- Featured Designer: Nick Shinn
- New Releases: Neo Sans, ITC Resavska, ITS Resavska Sans
- "A Bodoni by Any Other Name..." by Ilene Strizver
- Ask the Type Guru: (origin of copperplate) by Allan Haley
- Letter Series: The Letter N

Monotype Imaging Inc.

Indices : Foundries : Monotype Imaging Inc.

Mailing Address:
500 Unicorn Park Drive
Woburn, MA 01801

Phone: 800.424.TYPE (8973)


Suitcase Type

Indices : Foundries : Suitcase Type

An independent Czech foundry of Tomáš Brousil. Font families include Atrament, Botanika, Fishmonger, Katarine, Magion, Orgovan and RePublic.


Joshua Lurie-Terrell

Joshua Lurie-Terrell works by day as a graphic designer for the California State Legislature. In the evenings, he helps Stephen Coles edit Typographica. He runs Hewn & Hammered singlehandedly.

He has a Vandercook in his garage and offers its use to any typographer in the Sacramento area.

Ladies love him.

Eric Gill

Indices : Designers : Eric Gill

Eric Gill, born Arthur Eric Rowton Gill, on February 22nd, 1882 in Brighton, England grew up to be a sculptor, engraver, stone-carver and type-designer. Gill’s first formal training in the art of letterforms was in 1902, at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London by type-designer and calligrapher Edward Johnston (designer of Johnston Sans for the London Underground).


Indices : Conferences : TypeCon

TypeCon is the annual event of the non-profit Society of Typographic Aficionados (SOTA).

TypeCon is held in a different host city each year. SOTA partners with local and international organizations to produce a low-cost event featuring some of the brightest names in type, design, and the related disciplines. TypeCon offers a warm and inviting atmosphere where students and novices can mingle comfortably with seasoned professionals.

TypeCon allows type lovers from all walks of life to get together — to listen, to learn, to teach, to network, and to take renewed inspiration into their own work.

Indie Fonts

Indices : Books : Indie Fonts

Indie Fonts is a series of books which are styled after the classic type specimen books of the early 20th century. These books differ from this model in that they but feature independent firms whose fonts, like their names, are unique. You will discover such foundries as Letterror, PSY/OPS, and Test Pilot Collective, alongside P22 Type Foundry, Typeco, Font Diner and Astigmatic One Eye Typographic Institute. The type styles range from the best of Matthew Carter’s classic designs to the latest irreverence of Chank Diesel. Designers searching for unique typefaces will find what they are looking for, whether historical revivals or futuristic techno faces.


Indices: Tools : Text Tools: adhesiontext

adhesiontext is a dynamic text tool created by Miguel Sousa, which generates a dummy text paragraph with a limited set of characters.

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