Font magazine

Indices : Publications : Font

Font is a free FontShop publication serving as both an editorial magazine and type specimen catalog.

Issues 001-003 were designed by MvB Design (Mark van Bronkhorst and Alan Greene) with written contributions from FontShop founder Erik Spiekermann, Peter Hall and Margaret Richardson.

Issue 004 was art directed by Joseph Pemberton from Punchcut and edited by Tamye Riggs and Stephen Coles from FontShop San Francisco. Guest designers included cover art from the foundry Underware and a feature by designer Marian Bantjes. Contributing writers include Margaret Richardson and John D Berry.


Type Club of Toronto

Indices : Organizations : Type Club of Toronto

The Type Club mission is to promote Typography. The formation of the Club is to encourage quality and innovation among practitioners. There are many people and businesses involved with type, the aim is to give all these different sources a voice and a meeting point. The Club holds regular meeting/events in Toronto and is a forum for discussion.

Members include typeface designers, teachers, graphic designers, art directors, printers, etc. Typography can be specialized, that is the problem; we all have particular interests. The Club aims to bring us all together.

Hrant Papazian

Indices : Designers : Hrant Papazian

An Armenian born in Beirut, Papazian currently lives in the Glendale suburb of Los Angeles. He runs his type business via the Micro Foundry website.

Regarding some of his theories on latinization and the mixing of scripts, see his article in the fourth issue of Spatium.

Papazian teaches "Introduction to Typeface Design" at Art Center College of Design in Pasadena, California.

Hrant is by all measures the most prolific forum poster on matters regarding typography and type design (as well as sharing his thoughts on hosts of other topics) on the Internet.


Indices : Publications : Spatium

Publisher: Typosition (GER)

Published in Offenbach, Germany. Typosition was founded by Peter Reichard. Issue #4 (»Group 11 – typography is international«, 2004) features an in-depth article about mixing writing systems and latinization by Hrant Papazian and some other articles about non-latin typefaces. The issues before had these topics: »norming in typography and design« (2002), »collecting mania« (2003), »typography« (2003).

In Autumn 2005 the 5th issue under the title »Hamburgefonts« will published about type specimen books. spatium is published in German and English and in every issue their are a lot of international contributers (Tarek Atrissi, Oded Ezer, Hans Peter Willberg, Jorge Alderete, Fons Hickmann, David Quay, Heinrich Lischka, Filip Blazek Typo Magazine, etc.).

Gudrun Zapf von Hesse

Indices : Designers : Gudrun Zapf von Hesse

Gudrun Zapf von Hesse is a master book binder and lettering artist in pre- and post-WWII Germany. In the late 1940s, she started teaching at the Städel School of Art in Frankfurt. A typeface that she had been working on since the 1930s, Diotima, was released by D. Stempel AG around this time. Somehow, she must have met the chief in-house type designer there (Hermann Zapf), as they were married in the early 1950s.

In the 1980s, Gudrun Zapf von Hesse began designing typefaces again. She released several typefaces through URW, Bitstream, Berthold, and Linotype.


Indices : Software : Font Editors : FontLab

FontLab 4.6 is a professional font editor for Mac OS and for Windows. It is the comprehensive solution for font foundries, professional type designers, typographers and graphic design studios, allowing them to design type, create and modify fonts. FontLab supports all major outline font formats, including Type 1, TrueType, Multiple Master and OpenType. The current release of this software is FontLab Studio 5, available for both Mac and Windows.

FontLab Limitations?
Do Font Pros Really Use FontLab or Fontographer?

Technical Discussion:


Indices: Encodings


Akira Kobayashi

Indices : Designers : Akira Kobayashi

Akira Kobayashi was born in Japan, where he worked as a typeface designer until 2001. Since 2001, he has been the Type Director at Linotype.

His typefaces at Linotype have included: FF Clifford, FF Acanthus, Conrad, Zapfino Extra (with Hermann Zapf), Optima nova (with Hermann Zapf), Palatino nova (with Hermann Zapf), Palatino Sans (with Hermann Zapf), and Avenir Next (with Adrian Frutiger). Additionally, he designed the new Linotype Office Alliance fonts.

Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG

Indicies : Foundries : Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG

German manufacturer of printing presses and printing supplies. The largest producers of printing presses in the world.

During the 1990s, this company purchased a failing competitor, Linotype-Hell AG. Part of that company was reorganized as Linotype Library GmbH. In November 2005, Linotype Library GmbH changed its name to the stortend Linotype GmbH.

In 2006, Heidelberger Druckmaschinen sold Linotype GmbH to Monotype Imaging Inc..

Linotype Machine

Indicies : History : Linotype Machine

The first Linotype machine was built in New York by Ottmar Mergenthaler in 1886. Perhaps the world's first commercially-viable typesetting machine, Mergenthaler's invention could cast a line of type on-the-fly, greatly speeding up the process of metal typesetting. Newspapers around the world took advantage of this immediately. Newsppapers would always be the biggest users of Linotype Machines.

The Linotype Machine sparked a revolution in typesetting. Soon, competitor machines appeared on the market, like the Monotype Machine. Linotype Machines were used well into the 60s and 70s. From the late 1950s onward, however, Linotype had begun to produced photo-typesetting equipment, and later would go onto build digital machines. The typefaces that were designed for these various machines would later be sold as PostScript (and other format) fonts by a company called Linotype Library (since 2005 simply "Linotype GmbH").


Indices: Tools: Font Editors : FontForge

FontForge is a free software font editing tool. It was originally named pfaedit, but renamed as its capabilities grew far beyond the ability to edit PostScript Type 1 fonts (pfa files). Currently, it has support for TrueType, PostScript (Types 1, 3 and 0), OpenType, CFF, Type42 and SVG font formats. It also supports BDF, NFNT, FON, FNT, and TTF/OTF and PS Type3 bitmaps.

Alphabet Synthesis Machine


Indices : Tools

For installable, PC*-based applications, see Software.

Web-based Type Design Tools

Metrics Tools
iKern (service)
Kern King

Text Tools

Hand Tools

Type Rendering Tools (web)

*Denoting Personal Computer.

Additional Articles:
Open Font Library wiki: Tools

Mrs Eaves

Indices : Typefaces : Mrs Eaves

Mrs Eaves was designed by Zuzana Licko. The font is named for John Baskerville's lover, is a mildly stylized Baskerville revival known for its profusion of colorful ligatures and "petite caps", a unique variation on the theme of small caps. Mrs Eaves is a technical tour de force, formerly being accompanied by a program from LettError intended to help designers manage its unwieldy set of ligatures, and was recently converted by John Butler into an overwhelmingly full-featured OpenType family. Mrs Eaves is beloved by graphic designers but some typographers and type designers question its fitness for use in body text, primarily because of concerns about how the design is spaced.


Indices : Foundries : Emigre

Historians of the future might regard Emigre as pioneers into digital typography. Common knowledge puts Emigre, led by wife and husband duo Zuzana Licko and Rudy Vanderlans at the forefront of the digital foundry era. The foundry got its start in 1984 when Zuzana designed a series of bitmap fonts for the new Macintosh from Apple Computer. For nearly two decades Emigre put out Emigre Magazine, a monthly publication of the same name, with thoughtful essays and articles aimed to stir up dialogue and of course drive sales of their typefaces.

Vojtech Preissig

Indices : Designers : Vojtěch Preissig

Czech type design and illustrator. Born in Bílina in 1873. Lived in the United States during World War I. Died in the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau in 1944.

Digitizations of Preissig type designs:

P22 Preissig Roman - P22 type foundry
Preissig Antikva - František Štorm
Ruzena Antikva -Psy-Ops
Preissig - Alex White

Czeska - Typerware
P22 Preissig Extras - P22 type foundry
P22 Preissig Lino - P22 type foundry
P22 Preissig Scrape - P22 type foundry
Preissig 1918 - František Štorm
Preissig Ozdoby - František Štorm

Recommended reading:


Indices : Publications : Pts.

Publisher: Independently published by Underware
Editor: Underware
Frequency: Infrequent

A typographic magazine first published in 1998 whose first issue was 0 Pts., the next 1 Pts. and so on.


David Hubner


Indices : Foundries : formlos

formlos is an independent ( Corporate ) Design Bureau, and Type Foundry,
residing in the heart of Europe, founded by David Hubner

formlos, David Hubner


Indices : Organizations : TypeOff

Small collective of designers from the city of Offenbach, Germany. Founded in June, 2004.

Current members include David Borchers, Lara Glueck, Till Hopstock, Tanja Huckenbeck, Peter Reichard, Dan Reynolds, and Lukas Schneider.

Five of the members study, or have studied, at the HfG Offenbach. Three of them intern, or have interned, at Linotype. Two of them work at Typosition, where they also produce the magazine Spatium.

They sponsor a monthly drinking fest called the Typostammtisch. All designers who happen to be in the Frankfurt-area at the time are invited.

Dan Reynolds

Indices : Designers : Dan Reynolds

Born in Baltimore in 1979, Dan studied Graphic Design at RISD before moving to Europe. In 2004, Dan co-founded the Offenbach Typostammtisch during a brief stint as a graduate student at the HfG Offenbach. Later, he studied on the University of Reading MA Type Design course, where he graduated as part of the class of 2008. Dan teaches typography and type design courses at several German design schools, and works as a type designer in Berlin

Linotype Library

Indices : Foundries : Linotype Library

See Linotype.

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