Erik Spiekermann

Indices: Designers: Erik Spiekermann

Erik Spiekermann (b. 1947) is a graphic designer, typographer and type designer. Spiekermann founded MetaDesign in 1979 and designed its namesake typeface FF Meta. In 1989 he, Neville Brody, and Joan Spiekermann started FontFont. This was preceded by the formation of font retailer FontShop. Most recently, Spiekermann founded United Designers Network with offices in Berlin, London and San Francisco. In January 2007, the studio has been renamed SpiekermannPartners.

Screen Printing

Indices : Printing Methods : Screen Printing

Screen printing is a printing process that consists of pulling ink through a cloth screen.

Screen printing materials:

The screen consists of a piece of silk, nylon or polyester stretched taut over a wood or aluminum frame.
The mask is a piece of plastic or chemical filler on the screen that won't allow the ink to pass through parts of the screen.
The ink is usually a thick oil based ink.
The squeegee is a large piece of rubber with a handle that is the width of the screen.

Morris Fuller Benton

Indices : Designers : Morris Fuller Benton

Morris Fuller Benton (November 30, 1872 – June 30, 1948) was born into the type business. His father, Linn Boyd Benton, was a type-founder and the inventor of the matrix-cutting machine, which revolutionised printing. The son graduated as a mechanical engineer from Cornell and went to work with his father in the newly established type design department of the American Type Founders Company. He went on to become the most prolific designer in America, producing more than 180 types of great diversity. Despite all this, he is less well known today than his contemporary Frederic W. Goudy. However, his types have been much digitized and revived, especially by Font Bureau.


FontFont was created by Neville Brody and Erik Spiekermann in 1990 to produce cutting-edge typefaces by designers for designers. Today, the FontFont library represents hundreds of the world's most innovative type designers.

The FontFont TypeBoard meets every six months at FontShop International in Berlin to review and select new designs for the library.

URL: or at

Font Releases

FontFont 1990
FontFont 1991
FontFont 1992
FontFont 1993
FontFont 1994
FontFont 1995
FontFont 1996
FontFont 1997
FontFont 1998
FontFont 1999
FontFont 2000
FontFont 2001
FontFont 2002

Norbert Florendo

Indices : Designers : Norbert Florendo

Norbert Florendo (b. 19--) is a graphic designer and typographer.

He served as Art Director, Ad Manager, Creative Director, Manager of Multimedia at Compugraphic and Agfa, and Typographer in Residence during the years between Allan Haley and Cynthia Hollandsworth.

Contributed to the addition of over 400 new and licensed typefaces to the Agfa-Compugraphic library. Principally involved with the acquisition and marketing of Otl Aicher's Rotis Typeface System for Agfa.

Fred Smeijers

Indices : Designers : Fred Smeijers

Fred Smeijers is a type designer born in the Netherlands. He has designed typefaces for FontFont, TEFF, DTL and for his own foundry, OurType. Apart from his retail-design work, Smeijers designs custom typefaces for clients like Philips and Canon-Europe. Fred Smeijers also published various written works, among them Counterpunch and Type Now, both at HypenPress, London.

Among his typefaces are:
FF Quadraat
TEFF Renard
DTL Nobel
OT Arnhem
OT Fresco
OT Sansa
OT Custodia
OT Ludwig


Indices : Alphabetties

An unorganized group of highly organized women whom all share a love of type and typography.

Tiffany Wardle originally coined the phrase Alphabetty in a private e-mail to a friend, May 5, 2003, and has since used it as a sort of nickname.

Current members are as follows:

Jill Bell
Kristin Dooley
Zara Evens
Calliope Gazetas
Shelley Gruendler
Jemma Gura
Karen Huang
Nicole Larue
Tamye Riggs
Sara Soskolne
Ilene Strizver
Tiffany Wardle
Dyana Weissman


Indices : Software : RoboFab

RoboFab is a set of tools written for Python designed to help programming tasks common in type design. While RoboFab can be used in conjunction with Python scripts in FontLab, it can also be used in independent Python programs. RoboFab was/is developed by Tal Leming, Erik van Blokland, Just van Rossum of Letterror fame.


Installation on Mac OS X
Installing RoboFab on Mac OSX 10.5 can be difficult. Useful comments and an installer script by Erik van Blokland:


Indices : Software : Python

Python is a programming language developed by Guido van Rossum. It was designed to be simple and easy to use and understand. It is used in various type design applications, most notably as the primary macro language for FontLab. Other tools have been written in python such as RoboFab.

See also: Python_How-To, Python Scripts.

Just Another Foundry

Indices : Foundries : Just Another Foundry

Founded 2005 by Tim Ahrens.

Fonts include:
JAF Lapture
JAF Facit
JAF Mashine
JAF Zalamander


Typeface originally designed by Albert Kapr. Tim Ahrens revived it in 2005, where he sells it via Just Another Foundry. The typeface bears some structural similarities to the work of Vojtech Preissig.

Leipzig is also the name of a city in eastern Germany. It was one of the chief cities of the former German Democratic Republic (1947–1990). In Leipzig is the famed Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst , at which Albert Kapr, and Jan Tschichold were once professors. Fred Smeijers heads up type des

Process Type Foundry

Indices : Foundries : Process Type Foundry

Located in Minnesota, the Process Type Foundry is an independent type design studio specializing in the design of original typefaces for retail and custom use.

Process Type Foundry is the studio of Eric Olson, Nicole Dotin and the silent, but useful Charlie.

Barnhart Brothers

American Type Founders

Indices : Foundries : American Type Founders

American typefounding agglomeration formed in 1892, eventually containing most of the American typefounding industry. In the 1890s, sorting through the libraries that were merged in and deciding what to keep and what to get rid of was handled by Joseph W. Phinney. ATF's early success owed quite a bit to the technical genius of Linn Boyd Benton, inventor of the pantographic engraver. Ultimately, ATF owned the rights to one of the world’s greatest libraries of original typefaces, with many of the ATF-era designs created by Linn Boyd Benton's son, Morris Fuller Benton.


Indices : Terminology : Font

A font ont is a certain physical form in which a typeface with a certain character set is released by a certain vendor under a certain trade name — for example a set of metal type sorts, a digital font in the Type 1 format, a digital font in the OpenType PS format etc. Thus, a font can be said to be one weight, width, and style of a typeface. Times Roman by Linotype in Type 1 format is one font, Times Cyrillic Regular by Linotype in Type 1 format is another font, Times Roman Std by Adobe in OpenType format is another font, Dutch 801 Roman by Bitstream in Type 1 format is another font — all of the same typeface Times Roman.

William Addison Dwiggins

Indices : Designers : William Addison Dwiggins


William Addison Dwiggins was an accomplished type designer, illustrator, and graphic designer (he even invented the term Graphic Design!).

At the turn of the century, Dwiggins went to Chicago to study at the Frank Holmes School of Illustration, where he was one of Frederic Goudy's first pupils.

Joseph Churchward

Indices : Designers : Joseph Churchward

Born: Apia, Samoa, 1933.

Joseph Churchward was born and raised in Samoa. He moved to New Zealand at age 13 and attended Wellington Technical College. There he concentrated on art and especially lettering. He then went on to work as a commercial artist at Charles Haines Advertising for 12 years before setting up Churchward International Typefaces in 1969.

His first breakthrough was not long in coming. Berthold Fototype accepted several of his first typefaces for distribution and continued to add Churchward’s new designs to their catalogue for many years. He later went on to sign distribution agreements with D.Stempel AG, Dr Böger Photosatz GmbH/Linotype, Mecanorma-Polyvroom B.V and Zipatone. Churchward International Typefaces published a handful of original fonts in 1978 being the first and only company in New Zealand to publish original photo-lettering.

Keith Tam

Indices : Keith Chi-hang Tam

Keith Tam was born and raised in Hong Kong and has lived in the UK and Canada. He is a communication designer who specializes in typography. He is a lecturer of Visual Communication at the School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, with a focus on typographic and publication design. Keith's design and research interests include book and editorial design, information design, typeface design, calligraphy and lettering, visual identities and designing for multiple languages. He is the designer behind Arrival, a legible and humane sanserif typeface designed for directional signing, currently used by the campus wayfinding system of the University of Reading, UK. He co-founded Type Initiative with Greek type designer Michail Semoglou in 2005, and their typefaces are on sale at the type co-op Village. Keith holds a B Des in Communication Design from the Emily Carr Institute in Vancouver, Canada and an MA in Typeface Design from the Department of Typography & Graphic Communication at the University of Reading, UK.

Miles Newlyn

Indices : Designers : Miles Newlyn

Born: Leicester, United Kingdom, 1969.

Miles Newlyn graduated from St Martins College of Art, London, in 1991. He first released Missionary, Sabbath Black, and Democratica through Emigre, and then designed a set of six keynote typefaces for David Carson.

Matthew Carter

Indices : Designers : Matthew Carter

Born: United Kingdom, 1937.

Son of Harry Carter, Royal Designer for Industry, contemporary British type designer and ultimate craftsman, trained as a punchcutter at Enschedé by Paul Rädisch, responsible for Crosfield’s typographic program in the early 1960s, Mergenthaler Linotype’s house designer 1965–1981.

Carter is a prolific designer who has produced many successful and significant faces in his career such as Olympian, Bell Centennial, Galliard, Charter and Miller (in chronological order).

Phil Baines

Indices : Writers : Phil Baines

Born: Kendal, Westmoreland, United Kingdom, 1958.

After studying to be a Catholic priest for three years at Ushaw College, Durham, turned to graphic design and graduated from St. Martin’s School of Art in 1985 and the Royal College of Art in 1987. Freelance graphic designer since 1987 undertaking anything from humble print work for small publishers and arts organisations to typographic sequences for TV commercials. Work characterised by careful use of typographic structure, sometimes organic, sometimes highly ‘engineered’, but always deriving from a respect for the material. Since 1995 has been assisted part-time by several ex-students enabling larger commissions to be undertaken, e.g. Phaidon’s Art & Ideas series implementation (7 titles designed in the last 2 years).

Tim Ahrens

Indices : Designers : Tim Ahrens

Born: Heidelberg, Germany, 1976.

Tim Ahrens has studied architecture at the University of Karlsruhe and Typeface Design in Reading. He works as a type designer and architect. In 2000 Linotype published his sans serif text face Aroma. In 2005 he founded Just Another Foundry, which distributes his display faces Mashine and Zalamander, the sans serif Facit and Lapture, a revival and redesign of Albert Kapr's Leipziger Antiqua.


Indices : Typefaces : Frutiger

This typeface was designed by Adrian Frutiger and was commissioned by the Charles De Gaulle International Airport in Paris for usage on directional signage. Frutiger is a humanist sans-serif, and has become one of Adrian Frutiger’s best-known typefaces, along with Univers. The weight of the forms are much less monotone than Univers, and due to these subtle thicks and thins the typeface has far more character. Since the 1980s, the fonts have been available in digital form from Linotype.

Frutiger has been an extreme success, and in 2003 it has been revised (ASTRA-Frutiger) for use on highway signage in Switzerland. In addition, the typeface was revised and updated in 1999 by Adrian Frutiger himself (together with Linotype) to include true italics among other features; this typeface is called Frutiger Next.


Indices : Typefaces : Univers


Indices : Typefaces : Helvetica

Helvetica is a Grotesque sans serif face, also classified as Lineal under the Vox-ATypI Classification Of Type. The strokes in Helvetica are monotone in weight and the overall forms of the typeface itself are based on Akzidenz-Grotesk from Berthold (around 1898).

In 1957, at the behest of the Haas Typefoundry's Eduard Hoffmann, Max Miedinger designed a Grotesque sans serif face, distributed as Neue Haas Grotesk.

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