Nazi Propaganda Posters - Typographic Info

Jet's picture

Hi! I'm working on a school project which consists of a catalogue with Nazi Propaganda Posters and the info about the font used. I know that various types of Fraktur were used a lot until 1941, and then Antiqua (Roman) letters were the standard. Altough, I need some help on identifying the fonts from the posters below (some may be handmade, so if there is any similar font please help me).

If you know any other poster and font from the Nazi era propaganda, that helps too. I need a minimum of 18 fonts identified. Even if they are similar (like various blackletter font faces). Thank you a lot in advance.

The posters are the following (sorry if the image is too big). Every poster has a number in white or black to help identify the font. Example: Poster 15 - Typeface name.

Thanks again! :D

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If you need to see a larger version of a specific poster please inform me, and I will try to provide it.

PublishingMojo's picture

Almost everything here was lettered by hand, standard operating procedure for this type of poster at the time. The sans serifs are mostly based on Futura (Paul Renner, 1927) and Kabel (Rudolf Koch, 1927). The blackletter-like alphabets are based on Fraktur, which is not one font but a family of fonts that were popular for German printing until the Nazis banned their use in 1941.

Jet's picture

Hey Mojo. Thanks for the prompt reply. If there are fonts that are exclusively hand-made, please inform me of similar fonts if you know any. ;)

Inside the Fraktur style, please tell me which fonts do you know from this period (I already have Fette Fraktur and Breitkopf Fraktur).

Thank you.

Florian Hardwig's picture

Hi Telmo,

get your hands on a copy of ‘Blackletter: Type and National Identity’, by Peter Bain and Paul Shaw. It is available via incipit.com.

In addition to what Victor (Mojo) wrote:
Rethink the aim of your project. What is gained by listing typeface names, when most of these posters were made without the use of typefaces? Just because Fette Fraktur is a blackletter does not make it similar to the styles used here.
Wouldn’t it be more interesting to point out the various types/groups of letterforms, their combinations, and applications? You could then continue and describe the special characteristics of some of the most striking letter styles. Alternatively, you could pick one poster, and research its background (designer, year, purpose …) – e.g. #11, with its Faux-Hebrew.

Jet's picture

Hello Florian Hardwig. Thank your for your great answer. Actually, this is for an academic briefing, which asks for a Typographic Catalogue - presenting some typefaces regarding a specific subject. This is for the Graphic Design course, and I choose to do something related to the Propaganda in the Nazi Era, because I've seen lots of posters and stamps with incredible type. Now I realize that most of them are lettering instead of typefaces. Would you suggest me a theme similar to this one that I can work easily with?

For example there are people doing a Typographic Catalogue about Movie Posters, others from TV commercials, etc.

Thank you a lot once again for your reply. It really helped me. ;)

aluminum's picture

Creating a catalog of typefaces used in this particular context is counter to what the lettering is--as they aren't typefaces.

I'd rethink the topic and maybe consider aiming more for an industry sector rather than a political time period. Think of industries that tend to have a particular typographic style (technology, fashion, travel, etc.)

Florian Hardwig's picture

It is not that no typefaces were used in the Third Reich propaganda, just not (so much) on posters. You could, for example, identify and research the typefaces used in a certain publication, like a newspaper or a magazine. See this article by Paul Shaw, about the typefaces used in Archiv für Buchgewerbe und Gebrauchsgraphik (1934) and Druck und Werbekunst (1937). More related online articles from Shaw: From the Archives no. 18—Satz- und Druck-Musterheft 1938 and What’s Online no. 2: German Propaganda Archive.
In NSCI, Andreas Koop presents an overview of the typefaces that were advertised in Gebrauchsgrafik between 1936 and 1943/44.

William Berkson's picture

Really, I'd hope you'd do another project other than the kitsch of cruelty and murder.

Jet's picture

Thanks a lot for your comments and ideas. I've talked with the teacher, and I'm rethinking the project for National Typefaces, for example in the Greek Imperium (Monumentalis Capitalis) and Blackletter for German, Ronda for Latin countries, etc.

William, don't worry, it was just curiosity, I'm not a kind of neo-nazi. ;)

Thanks everyone! (Specially Florian for the links! ;) )

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