Saint - "St" or "St." ?

fallenartist's picture

Hi,

What is the correct abbreviation of the English (UK) word "saint"? Different on-line dictionaries seem to give different results:

http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/saint

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=69492&dict=CALD

Isn't "St" for "Saint" and "St." for "Street"?

Thanks for your help.
Aleksander

Bert Vanderveen's picture

The way it is (or should be): abbreviations that end with the last letter of the original word don't receive a stop (eg Saint > St or Doctor > Dr); ones that don't, do (eg Street >St. or etcetera > etc.).

Michel Boyer's picture

The way it is (or should be)...

That is what Bringhurst, The Elements of Typographic Style, says and he refers to the Oxford house style. However, when I look at the (online) Oxford dictionary, what I can see is that they themselves write "St." with a period.

kentlew's picture

The description that Bert gives is how I've always heard it -- for UK English. Here in the States, we tend to always use periods. (If it's an abbreviation, it's an abbreviation; and therefore it gets a period, regardless of the letters.)

However, there is an inconsistency in Bert's example: 'Saint' and 'Street' both end in the letter 't'. So you can use that UK rule to argue that both should be abbreviated without a stop.

-- K.

vinceconnare's picture

the best place to look for this would be in
The Chicago Manual of Style. Chapter 15. I've got one at home but I'm not there now.

If you have the book it contains invaluable information and usually has a note if the example is US English or English.

requires a subscription $25....
http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/ch15/ch15_toc.html

Bert Vanderveen's picture

However, there is an inconsistency in Bert’s example: ‘Saint’ and ‘Street’ both end in the letter ‘t’.

Sorry about that, I had the dutch situation in mind, where 'straat' is street and it's abbrev'd to "str.". And I kinda remember seeing Str. used in the UK, so why not in the US?

Linda Cunningham's picture

I've also seen it used informally in Canada and the U.S., but that doesn't make it "right"....

There's also the situation where some uses of "Saint" vs "St." (note the period) are specified: in Canada, for example, the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador is St. John's, whereas the city in New Brunswick is Saint John.

And who can forget that on one side of the border, it's Sault Saint Marie, while on the other, it's Sault Ste. Marie....

Michel Boyer's picture

Here is what I find in the Oxford Refence Online Premium:

Saint   when preceding a name, is spelt with a capital initial letter, and is shortened to St (no full stop in BrE though one is normal in AmE). The plural is SS or Sts , as in SS / Sts Peter and Paul .
(From Pocket Fowler's Modern English Usage in English Language Reference)

vinceconnare's picture

Chicago Manual of Style 14th edition (current is 15th) say's:

14.16 Names with Saint
Saint is often abbreviated (St. , pl. SS. ) before the name of a Christian saint, but many prefer to spell the word out in text, abbreviating only where space is at a premium.

etc.

14.22 Addresses may be abbreviated in such closely set matter as lists or tables, especially state names and the words mentioned above as spelled out in text:
Ave., Blvd., Bldg., Ct., Dr., La., or Ln., Pkwy., Pl., Rd., Sq., St., Terr., N., S., E., W. (before street name).

dtw's picture

Chicago 15th says much the same (i.e. advocates spell out or put 'St.') at §§ 15.27-28, 15.32 and 15.35, which confirms this as usual US style.

(Oxford) Hart's Rules §6.1.6 says "In English 'saint' is abbreviated as St (St. for 'street' is conventionally distinguished by having a full point)." Their "Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors" supports this.

Evidence is stacking up for the "dot in America, not in Britain" concept. Working in UK academic journals publishing, I usually advocate the "dot if the abbreviation doesn't end with the full word's last letter" style mentioned above (and work on the assumption that the "t" in the abbreviation of "Street" is the first one and not the last one!)

_____________________________________________
Ever since I chose to block pop-ups, my toaster's stopped working.

charles ellertson's picture

To quote the Chicago manual about how something is to be done in the UK isn't a very good idea. In case you didn't know it, hyphenation is different in the UK than in the states, too. As are dashes. As is the use of quote marks. etc. When you're in the UK, put the Chicago manual in the boot.

BTW, the Typophile site doesn't follow Chicago with respect to ellipses . . .

fallenartist's picture

Thank you all
_______
AL
lenart.pl

elliot100's picture

Isn't this complicated by the fact that St. as an abbreviation of Street is pronounced Street, whereas St. as an abbreviation of Saint is often prounced Snt - i.e. it has become a different word.

I'm in London and thinking "St Johns" vs "All Saints".

Miss Tiffany's picture

For some reason I recall seeing STREET abbreviated as STR ...

Jefke van Hoornzeehout's picture

There is no inconsistency in Bert's example: The t in St (for Saint) is at the end of the full word, therefore no full stop; the t in Street is the first (not the last) t, therefore the full stop appears in order to show that there are letters missing in its place.

Saint: St
Street: St.

One might say, "well, then, saint should be S.t, to be consistent, showing that there are letters missing between the s and the t", but I would argue that it's obvious that it's an abbreviation, and since it has no final period, the missing letters must be in-between.

Besides, can't all you typographers see the difference between the two ts in Street?

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