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The font used for the 1st ed. copy of "Jenseits von Gut und Böse" by Friedrich Nietzsche. Publisher was C.G. Naumann out of Leipzig. It was published in 1886.
*updated to correct spelling error on publisher
It reminds me of Bookman Old Style of which some digital versions exist, for instance from Monotype (and one more), ITC and Mark Simonson. Someone will be able to tell you about the actual font they used back then.
PS: The book’s title is ‘Jenseits von Gut und Böse’ and it was published in Leipzig.
Please excuse the failure to add the umlaut and the incorrect spelling of "Leipzig." I thought it might be Bookman Old Style until I saw the "Q" on a later page:
That’s an interesting Q in this context. Unfortunately I am not an expert on historical type, so I can only say that some digital version of Bookman is probably as close as you can get to the original. I am curious, as well, if someone can exactly identify the typeface used for printing this book.
PS: I was not meaning to be smart-assy about the typing errors in the title and the city of publication—sorry if this came across badly. I just saw that you took the trouble to correct the name of the publisher, so I thought you might want to know about two more typos you missed. No offence meant!
Low contrast old-style that could be roughly approximated by Bookman or Bookmania, and possibly Fleischman.
Carl Gustav Naumann ran a family printing business in Leipzig. In 1901, he published Schriftproben der Firma C.G. Naumann. Sample pages of that book are shown in the link http://luc.devroye.org/fonts-51969.html Unfortunately the excerpts do not show the firm's book types -- which would probably still have included the font used in ‘Jenseits von Gut und Böse’ It may be obtainable under inter-library loan.
An alternative approach is to consider the probability that in 1886 a Leipzig publisher like C.G. Naumann would have obtained its type mainly from Leipzig foundries. Leipzig foundries include Schelter&Giesecke and Ludwig Wagner, and Julius Klinkhardt. If you can find any of their old specimen books you might find a match for your font. Some other names that may have been Leipzig foundries -- not necessarily in the 1880s -- C. P. Melzer, C. Rüger, B.C. Breitkopf, Heinrich Hoffmeister, W. Drugulin, Erhardtische Schriftgießerei.
For an extensive survey of German types see http://luc.devroye.org/germany.html
I appreciate that you pointed those mistakes out. They should be corrected now.
Tail on Q is in the Caslon style. Found on a variety of 18th and 19th Century fonts ranging from Baskerville to Binney OS and Ronaldson.
A common late 19th century book font "Old Style" has the Q:
I thought for a moment that it was Caslon Book OsF, but I've noted too many differences. Don, thank you for the information on the publisher. I sent an email to Luc Devroye since he seems quite knowledgeable on this topic; hopefully, he is willing to waste some time on this.
You're welcome. I wish you success in tracking it down. We have very little in the way of digital 19th century book typefaces and any information found on one of them might be enough to encourage a digital font maker to attempt to make it. If you find a good quality specimen it would be interesting to see it.
Binny Old Style has that Q and the overall feel.
Or Ronaldson Old Style, which was originally cut in 1884 I think.